POLYNESIA

POLYNESIA
   is the collective name of all the islands of the Pacific of coral or volcanic origin. These South Sea islands are scattered, isolated, or more usually in groups over a stretch of ocean 7000 m. from N. to S. and 6000 from E. to W.; with the exception of the two chief members of the New Zealand archipelago they are mostly small, and exhibit wonderful uniformity of climate; the temperature is moderate, and where there are any hills to intercept the moisture-laden trade-winds the rainfall is high; they are extremely rich in flora; characteristic of their vegetation are palms, bread fruit trees, and edible roots like yams and sweet potatoes, forests of tree-ferns, myrtles, and ebony, with endless varieties of beautiful flowering plants; their fauna is wonderfully poor, varieties of rats and bats, a few snakes, frogs, spiders, and centipedes, with the crocodile, being the chief indigenous animals; the three divisions of Polynesia are Micronesia, comprising five small archipelagoes in the NW., N. of the equator, of which the chief are the Mariana and Caroline groups; Melanesia, comprising eleven archipelagoes in the W., S. of the equator, of which the largest are the Solomon, Bismarck, Fiji, New Caledonia, and New Hebrides groups; and Eastern Polynesia, E. of these on both sides of the equator, including New Zealand, Hawaii, and Samoa, ten other archipelagoes, and numerous sporadic islands; the first of these divisions is occupied by a mixed population embracing many distinct elements, the second by the black, low-type Melanesians, the third by the light brown, tall Polynesians; traces of extinct civilisation are found in Easter Island and the Carolines; most of the islands are now in the possession of European powers, and are more or less Christianised; New Zealand is one of the most enterprising and flourishing colonies of Great Britain; everywhere the native races are dying out before the immigration of Europeans.

The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. . 1907.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Polynesia — (from Greek: πολύς many , νῆσος island ) is a subregion of Oceania, comprising a large grouping of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean. DefinitionPolynesia is generally defined as the islands within the… …   Wikipedia

  • Polynesia — 1766, Latinization of Fr. polynésie, coined 1756 by de Brosses from Gk. polys many (see POLY (Cf. poly )) + nesos island (see CHERSONESE (Cf. Chersonese)). Related: Polynesian …   Etymology dictionary

  • Polynesia — [päl΄i nē′zhə, päl΄ə nē′shə] [ModL < Gr poly , POLY + nēsos, island + IA] a major division of the Pacific islands east of the 180th meridian, including Hawaii, Samoa, Tonga, the Society Islands, the Marquesas Islands, etc.: cf. MELANESIA …   English World dictionary

  • Polynesia — /pol euh nee zheuh, sheuh/, n. one of the three principal divisions of Oceania, comprising those island groups in the Pacific lying E of Melanesia and Micronesia and extending from the Hawaiian Islands S to New Zealand. * * * Island group,… …   Universalium

  • Polynesia — geographical name the islands of the central & S Pacific including Hawaii, the Line, Phoenix, Tonga, Cook, & Samoa islands, Tuvalu, Easter Island, French Polynesia, & often New Zealand …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Polynesia — Pol|y|ne|si|a the islands in the central and southern Pacific Ocean, including the Hawaiian islands, Tonga, Samoa, and the islands of French Polynesia …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Polynesia — /pɒləˈniʒə/ (say poluh neezhuh) noun one of the three principal divisions of Oceania, comprising those island groups in the Pacific lying east of Melanesia and Micronesia, and extending from the Hawaiian Islands south to New Zealand. It includes… …  

  • Polynesia — noun the islands in the eastern part of Oceania • Members of this Region: ↑taboo, ↑tabu, ↑kava, ↑kavakava, ↑Austronesia • Instance Hypernyms: ↑archipelago • Part Holonyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Polynesia (Schiff) — p1 Polynesia p1 Schiffsdaten Flagge Deutsches Reich …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Polynesia Cup 1994 — Infobox International Football Competition tourney name = year = 1994 othertitles = size = caption = country = Samoa country2 = dates = num teams = 4 confederations = 1 finalists = 4 venues = cities = champion =Tahiti count = 1 second = Tonga… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”